托福听力笔记

2022-10-26TOEFL英语

抱佛脚

  • 重点听实词
  • 以“一组词”识别含义而非单个单词
  • “知道语音现象”本身并没有用,因为不熟悉,所以还是听不懂
  • 听不懂不要纠结,继续听下一句
  • 攻克长难句

信号词

开头

Professor 常用:

  • What can I do for you?
  • Can I help you?
  • What’s going on?
  • What did you want to talk about?

Student 常用:

  • I have some questions about…
  • I’m wondering…
  • I’m worrying about…
  • I have some trouble…
  • I was hoping…
  • I’m not sure about…
  • The reason I wanted to talk to you is…
  • That’s why I came by…
  • The thing is…

讲座开头部分常用信号词:

  • Let’s look at/continue to talk about…
  • Today /now I wanna go over/I’d like to/I want to focus on…
  • For today’s discussion, we’ll review…
  • Now, we’ve been talking about…But today I’d like to look at…
  • Last time/week, we’ve been talking about… But/today we will…

因果

原因:

  • because/because of
  • due to
  • owing to
  • since
  • as a result of
  • that is why…
  • the reason is…
  • result from

结果:

  • so
  • as a result
  • hence
  • consequently
  • lead to
  • result in

转折

  • but
  • however
  • even though
  • on the other hand
  • yet
  • on the contrary
  • while

举例

  • for example
  • for instance
  • take…as example
  • like
  • such as
  • say/ let’s say
  • here’s one come into my mind
  • take…like this

并列

as well as,also,or,too,plus,and,and then in addition,further,furthermore,what’s more,not only,but also,also,序数词,finally,another,other。

比较

类比词:

  • like
  • same/similar to/ similarity
  • resemble/resemblance
  • analogy/analogous

对比词:

  • unlike
  • compare to
  • different/differ/difference
  • distinction
  • on the other hand
  • instead
  • contrary
  • in contrast to

问答

强调

“语气”强调常见信号:

语速放慢进行重读,停顿,磕巴,犹豫,啰唆,以及语气词 well。

“强调词”强调常见信号词:

  • actually,anyway,in fact,even 实际上,甚至;
  • important,interesting,funny,fascinating,exciting,absolutely,really,particular 重要,有趣,惊讶;
  • feature,characteristic,traits 特征;
  • only,first,all,oneself,最高级等绝对词强调;
  • remember,remind me,think of 记起来,想起;
  • problem,question,issue,difficulty,trouble,disadvantage 问题,缺陷,麻烦。

定义

  • …called/known as/named
  • in other words
  • …which is/that is
  • All that means is…

观点

  • idea/opinion/view
  • theory/ hypothesis
  • think/ believe/assume
  • suggestion/suggest

暂时没有留言,要抢沙发吗?
留言
© 2018- SSShooter • theme usubeni • powered by Gatsbyjs
一转眼 已是