托福易混淆词/形近词

2022-08-07TOEFL英语

-ceive- comes from Latin, where it has the meaning get, receive.

  • receive v.收
  • conceive v.孕育
  • deceive v.骗
  • perceive v.感知

-cise- comes from Latin, where it has the meaning cut (down). It is related to -cide-(kill)

  • precise adj.准
  • concise adj.简洁
  • excise vt.去除

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  • pirate 海盗
  • private 私人

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  • intend v.意图
  • intent adj./n.目的
  • intense adj.紧张、强烈
  • intensive adj.密集
  • incentive adj./n.激励

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  • journal n.期刊
  • journalist n.记者
  • journey n.旅程

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  • adapt v.适配 adapter 电源适配器
  • adopt v.收养
  • adept adj./n.专家

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  • delicate
  • dedicate
  • deligent

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  • relay v.转发
  • rely v.依赖
  • reply v.回复

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  • tournament
  • tourism

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  • manipulate vt.操作
  • manufacture vt.制造

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  • compete /kəmˈpiːt/ vi.竞争
  • competitive adj.竞争
  • competent adj.可胜任

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  • vocation n.职业
  • vacation n.假期 vacant vaca 跟空有关,自然假期是 vaca

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  • college n.大学
  • colleague n.同事

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  • premier n.总理
  • premiere n.首映

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  • principle n.准则
  • principal adj.主要的 n.校长院长

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  • prior adj.事先 n.院长
  • prime * adj.首要、优质 n.鼎盛时期 vt.事前 adv.妙极
  • primer n.底漆、入门书
  • premium adj.优质 n.保险费

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  • apportion  分配,这词居然是 vt! vt! vt!

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  • subsist vi.生存度日
  • sustain v.维持、支撑
  • substitute v.n.adj.替代
  • substance n.物质、主旨、重要性
  • substantial adj.大量

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  • stretch v.伸展
  • scratch v.划挠
  • sketch v.n.速写
  • from scratch 从零开始

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  • habit n.习惯
  • inhabit vt.栖息于
  • habitat n.栖息地
  • habitation n.住处
  • inhibit vt.抑制
  • prohibit vt.禁止

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  • precede v.To go before, go in front of. 先于
  • proceed vi.继续做

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  • potent adj.强效
  • potential adj.n.潜在可能
  • potency n.效力

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  • vogue adj.n.流行时尚 trend, in fashion
  • vague adj.模糊 Ant: precise

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  • grin v.😁
  • grim adj.严峻 严肃 阴森 令人沮丧

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  • infer v.推断
  • inferior adj.n.下等

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  • meddle vi.干涉
  • medal n.vi.奖牌
  • muddle n.vt.懵逼

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  • glare 怒目
  • glance 一瞥

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  • proactive
  • provocative

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  • diverge vi.
  • divert v.
  • diversion

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  • incidental 顺带发生的
  • coincidental 同时发生的,也就是巧合 What a Coincidance!
  • accidental 意外的

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  • scrape [skreɪp] v.
  • scrap [skræp] n. a scrap of x

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  • inherit v.继承
  • inherent adj.内在

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  • balk /bɔk/ v. to be unwilling to do something or let something happen
  • bulk /bʌlk/ n. something very large, or a large amount, not divided into smaller parts
  • bulb /bʌlb/

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  • stable adj.
  • staple n. a basic food, or a main product or material

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  • apprise Syn: notify
  • appraise Syn: evaluate
  • praise

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  • vigor n.活力
  • rigor n.艰辛、僵硬

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  • pole
  • pale
  • pore

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  • lodge n.small house, v.rest
  • ledge film: man on the ledge
  • pledge
  • plague

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  • endorse 背书
  • endure 忍耐
  • endeavor 努力
  • endow 授予 bestow

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  • sheer
  • shear v.剪羊毛

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  • erect v.竖起
  • eject v.驱逐,弹射

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  • crow
  • crowd
  • crown

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  • drift
  • draft

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  • surgeon A surgeon is a doctor who is specially trained to perform surgery.
  • surgery

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  • whereby conj. by which way or method
  • whereas conj. but
  • hereby adv. by this statement, action, or law

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  • abroad
  • aboard

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  • legitimate adj. allowed according to law, or reasonable and acceptable:
  • legislate v. to make laws
  • legible adj. can be read easily

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  • evacuate
  • excavate

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  • aerobics
  • acrobatics

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  • involve 卷入
  • revolve 围绕
  • evolve 发展
  • devolve 下放权力
  • revolt 反叛
  • provoke 挑拨

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  • CE Common Era
  • BCE Before the Common Era
  • AD Anno Domini
  • BC Before Christ

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  • forage 觅食 search for provisions
  • forge 铸

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  • sensor n.传感器
  • censor vt.审查 n.审查员

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  • humidity

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  • temperate adj.温和
  • temper n.脾气 vt.使温和
  • temperature n.气温
  • temporary adj.暂时
  • contemporary adj.当代

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  • civil adj.
  • civilian n. adj.
  • civilization n.

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  • extent n.程度
  • extend

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  • numerous
  • numerical

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  • squirrel n.松鼠
  • quarrel v.n.口角
  • quarry n.采石场,猎物

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  • arise [əˈraɪz] problem arises, get out of bed
  • rise [rɑɪz] moves upwards, stand up, get out of bed
  • raise [reɪz] move something so that it is in a higher position, increase, improve

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  • device /dɪˈvaɪs/
  • devise /dɪˈvaɪz/

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  • mercantile adj.商业
  • merchandise n.商品 vt.推销

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  • diameter
  • perimeter
  • radius

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  • approach v. n. come near, deal with

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  • intervention n.
  • intervene v. positive, mediate
  • interfere v. negative, interpose, impede, hinder
  • interval
  • interim

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  • grain
  • grind

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  • crave v. beg, need, desire
  • carve
  • cave
  • cavity

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  • flush
  • blush

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  • expanse
  • expense

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  • distinct
  • distinctive

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  • variety

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  • gas 瓦斯、汽油(气)
  • gasoline 汽油(美)
  • petrol 汽油(英)
  • petroleum 原油(原)

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  • descent ascend
  • decent

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  • culminate vi.达到顶点、以……告终
  • culmination n.托福常见词,顶点、终点、高潮
  • cumulative adj.累计

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  • hilarious adj.滑稽
  • delirious adj.爽爆
  • humiliate vt.羞辱

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  • ethic adj.n.伦理
  • ethnic adj.n.种族民族
  • aesthetic adj.n.美学审美

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  • moral n.道德
  • mortal n.凡人 adj.终将死亡

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  • corpus 语料
  • corpse 尸体

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  • canal n.运河、食道
  • channel n.频道
  • cardinal n.红衣主教
  • cardiac 心血管的

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  • predator 捕食者
  • depredate v.掠夺 plunder
  • prey 猎物

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  • vowel 元音
  • vow 誓言

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  • circulated
  • circular
  • circle
  • cycle

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  • allege /əˈledʒ/ v.声称
  • allergic /əˈlɜːrdʒɪk/ adj.过敏

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